Seeing Through Maps
¨ continue the exploration through he rest of this book.
¨ be challenged regarding their assumptions about the world.
Chapter 1: The Multiple Truths of the Mappable World
¨ understand that a map is only ONE point of view, ONE perspective.
¨ be aware that all maps are inherently biased.
¨ discover some of the purposes for which maps are created.
¨ be able to identify that the Mercator projection's exclusive purpose is for navigation.
¨ recognize the extreme size distortions of the Mercator.
¨ become exposed to cartographic concepts like "great circles," "generalization" and "conformality."
¨ understand how the shortest distance between two points (on the Mercator) is NOT a straight line.
¨ understand how shapes can be changed depending upon your perspective or frame of reference.
Chapter 2: The Many Ways of Making Maps
¨ understand how the value of a map depends upon the degree to which it serves its intended purpose.
¨ be able to explain how map projection works (simple explanation of light bulb inside a cylinder).
¨ be able to explain how the "orange peel" phenomenon creates distortions as we
¨ move from a round globe to a flat map.
¨ be able to explain an equal-area map, and how equal area projections
¨ necessitate shape distortions.
¨ be able to explain how any one projection cannot contain both true shape and true area.
¨ become exposed to cartographic concepts like "graticule," "gores" and "azimuthal."
¨ understand how the Peters projection (1973) was an extension of the work of other cartographers (Lambert, 1772; and Gall, 1885; and others).
¨ understand that there are numerous options for equal-area maps.
¨ be introduced to the concept of "compromise" projections.
Chapter 3: Unpacking the Map
¨ be able to explain the concept of an equidistant projection.
¨ be able to explain why some people consider the Mercator a "terrible" map.
¨ be able to explain why the Mercator is such a popular map.
¨ understand how the Mercator has become an icon of Western superiority.
¨ understand how maps we create tend to naturally exaggerate the importance of the areas we are most familiar with.
¨ be able to match up the concept of "spaceship earth" with the name of Buckminster Fuller and the image of the Dymaxion World Map.
¨ be able to recall the five questions to ask about any map projection.
¨ learn to identify some of the biases that may be inherent in any projection.
Chapter 4: Three Popular Compromise Projections
¨ be able to name the three most well known compromise projections (Van der Grinten, Robinson, and Winkel Tripel).
¨ be able to explain why an "upside down" projection (with South at the top) isn't necessarily WRONG.
¨ recall how other maps in history used directions other than North as the top of the map.
¨ speculate on reasons why the National Geographic Society changed its official projections over time.
¨ understand how there exists a lineage of cartographic history going back hundreds of years.
¨ assert and explain how there is no one best view of the earth.
¨ understand how multiple perspectives are necessary to get closer to the truth of how things really are.
Chapter 5: Pushing the Boundary of the Map
¨ understand that the Van Sant Geosphere Map is a collage.
¨ be able to explain how an interrupted projected enables a map to be more area-accurate.
¨ be able to connect the loss of adjacency on an interrupted projection to the loss of adjacency on a rectilinear map.
¨ explain how Robinson's projection was made to "look right" by trial-and-error.
¨ understand how maps omit things like clouds, night, human activity, etc.
¨ explain how a map is like a painting (the cartographer chooses colors).
¨ be able to articulate the difference between what a maps is, and what that given map implies (denotation versus connotation).
¨ be able to explain to another person the data represented on the Minard map of Napoleon's invasion of Russia.
¨ be able to explain what data was omitted from Petit's map of the Black Diaspora and why it was left off.
¨ be able to explain the features that were generalized on the map Beck created for the London underground (and why the map WORKS!).
¨ when presented with a map, be able to ask questions regarding what data is left out and hypothesize reasons why a given map might have a tendency to deceive us (deliberately or otherwise).
Chapter 6: The Power of Images
¨ be able to explain why clock run "clockwise."
¨ link the concept of "bellybutton" to cartography.
¨ distinguish between "East" as a direction and "East" as a location.
¨ explain why Columbus was "lucky" to find land.
¨ explore and research alternative views of Columbus.
Chapter 7: Seeing Through Maps
¨ be able to recall at least 5 out of the 14 listed purposes maps have.
¨ in the month following reading this book, be able to list an additional three purposes of maps they come across in their daily lives.
¨ explain how a map of a piece of land would look differently if mapped from an ecological perspective versus a commercial/capitalist perspective.
¨ explain how bias underlies any choice of map representation.
¨ be able to explain "The world we know depends upon how we see it."
¨ be able to ask, "How would this look from a different point of view?"
¨ explain how the most important part of the eye is the feet.
¨ explain to someone who hasn't read the book, "what the truth is!"